oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - A Comparison between the Temperatures in a Termite Supplementary Fungus Garden and in the Soil at Equal Depths
|Article Title||A Comparison between the Temperatures in a Termite Supplementary Fungus Garden and in the Soil at Equal Depths|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Journal||Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa|
|Affiliations||1 Agricultural Research Institute, University of Pretoria|
|Publication Date||Jan 2003|
|Pages||36 - 43|
|Keyword(s)||Eutermes exitiosus, Insulation of the cupola, Metabolic heat, Microclimate of ant-nests, Moisture conditions, Termes badius, Termitarium and Termite Supplementary Fungus Garden|
It is well known that the temperature in the nests and hives of social insects is considerably higher than that of the surrounding atmosphere when the latter is low. These higher temperatures are achieved by means of efficient arrangements such as wing movements to produce metabolic heat, the insulation of the cupola and by the opening and closing by ants and probably termites of the sides of the nests either exposed to or shielded from the sun.
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