oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Some remarks on the classification of the Oestridae s. lat. (Diptera)
The classification of the Oestridae and the definition of this family have been under discussion for several decades. Brauer and Bergenstamm (1889) included in the Oestridae all calyptrate flies with rudimentary mouth-parts, and in this way they formed a uniform ecological group, the larval stages of all members living as endoparasites in mammals. But the morphological features of the adults as well as of the larvae show great differences and reveal that this family is most probably not of monophyletic origin. A more profound study of the imaginal features by later authors resulted in the finding that there were several taxonomic groups, each of which contains genera and species of undoubtedly close relationship.
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