oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - New and Interesting Grasshoppers from Southern Africa - 2 (Orthoptera: Acridoidea)
|Article Title||New and Interesting Grasshoppers from Southern Africa - 2 (Orthoptera: Acridoidea)|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Journal||Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa|
|Affiliations||1 Division of Entomology, Pretoria.|
|Publication Date||Apr 1962|
|Pages||03 - 19|
|Keyword(s)||Grasshoppers and Southern Africa|
In the more arid and desert regions of South and South West Africa there are found several grasshoppers whose appearance and coloration resemble to a remarkable degree the stony ground upon which they live. Representatives of such lithophilous forms are found in the families Pamphagidae, Lentulidae (sensu Dirsh, 1956a: 169) and Lathiceridae. Truly apterous species are, however, confined to the two latter families only. In general appearance these stone-like forms are superficially very alike, the body is dorsoventrally depressed, often excessively widened in the metathoracic region giving them a spindle-like appearance, the integument is characteristically sculptured and rugulose, and the coloration varies considerably from white to brown and purple, harmonizing rather closely with the colour of the substrate upon which they live.
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