oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Morphology and Relationships of the Male of an Asterolecanium species (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Asterolecaniidae)

Volume 31, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0013-8789



The morphology of the male of Asterolecanium proteae is descriptionbed in detail. On account of the constricted neck region and the association of the tentorial arms with the cranial apophysis the Asterolecaniidae clearly belong to the lecanoid Coccoidea in Balachowsky's system of classification. The conclusions reached regarding their affinities are generally in agreement with those of Borchsenius, who studied the female morphology. Thus the closest relatives of the Asterolecaniidae are found in the Coccidae and Lecaniodiaspididae, and the Asterolecaniidae and Lecaniodiaspididae are considered to be two distinct families with the Lecaniodiaspididae more closely related to the Coccidae than to the Asterolecaniidae.

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