oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - A method of catching phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae)
During the past 20 years an increasing amount of research has been done on phlebotomines, but catching them has always presented difficulties. The reasons for this are the very small size and the habits of the sandflies, which usually prefer dark resting places and are active at night, or sometimes only at dusk. Besides driving them out of their resting places with tobacco smoke and catching them with a suction catcher, a net or a Nochtglas, Lewis (1967) caught sandflies on pieces of paper, which were smeared with castor oil, supported by cleft sticks and placed near animal burrows, rock crevices, etc. He caught the most specimens by this method.
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