oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Life history of Tetrastichus ceroplastae (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a parasite of the Florida wax scale, Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock (Homoptera: Coccidae), in Israel

Volume 35, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0013-8789



Tetrastichus ceroplastae is the most abundant parasite of Ceroplastes floridensis in Israel, where it also attacks C. rusci (L.). The egg, the three larval stages, prepupa, and pupa are descriptionbed, with observations on rearing methods, duration of development, mating, oviposition, fecundity and feeding of adults, and on the effects of host size on sex ratio, of temperature and humidity on survival, and of different sources of honeydew on longevity. Only the third ins tar larva and preovipositing female of C. floridensis and C. rusci were attacked. In some females the parasite egg was encapsulated and its development inhibited or prevented. Morphological changes in a parasitized scale are descriptionbed.

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