oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Larvae of African allodapine bees. 1. The genus Allodape (Hymenoptera: Xylocopinae)
This is the first of a series of papers on African allodapine bee larvae. It is intended to provide comparative data on these, the most diverse and interesting of all bee larvae, so that a classification of them can be made and compared with that based on adults. This paper provides an account of ontogenetic changes that occur during larval life, as well as a study of specific differences among mature larvae of the genus Allodape. As restricted by Michener (1969 and in press), the genus Allodape occurs only in tropical and southern Africa. Included species are listed by Michener (in press) and those on which nest data are available are treated by Michener (1971). Major larval features of some species of Allodape have been known through the works of Brauns (1926) and Skaife (1953) but many details have remained undescriptionbed. Mature larvae of Allodape differ from those of other genera of allodapine bees in having long hairs on the head but these limited to the vertex and eight or less in number; in the large, rounded ventrolateral protuberances of the first body segment, these bearing seven to about twenty very long hairs; and in the presence of hairs on the dorsal surfaces only of most of the other body segments, the venter and other ventrolateral protuberances being hairless. The curled body, very short antennae, long hairs in the cephalic area, and other characters suggest the genus Braunsapis, but in nearly all species of that genus the long hairs are limited to the head and there are more than eight.
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