oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - A new observation on the association between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae)
|Article Title||A new observation on the association between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae)|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Journal||Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa|
|Affiliations||1 *South African Museum, Cape Town, **Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria & ***Fruit and Fruit Technology Research Institute, Stellenbosch.|
|Publication Date||Sep 1975|
|Pages||211 - 216|
|Keyword(s)||Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae) and Association between|
The association between ants and various species of homopteran insects is a well-known phenomenon which has been comprehensively reviewed over the past 20 years by Nixon (1951), Way (1963) and by Wilson (1971), So far as the scale insects (Coccoidea) are concerned it may be concluded from these reviews that all the information until about three years ago has been exclusively on the associations of ants with honeydew-producing coccids, e.g. Coccidae, Lacciferidae, Pseudococcidae.
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