oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - A new observation on the association between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae)

Volume 38, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0013-8789



The association between ants and various species of homopteran insects is a well-known phenomenon which has been comprehensively reviewed over the past 20 years by Nixon (1951), Way (1963) and by Wilson (1971), So far as the scale insects (Coccoidea) are concerned it may be concluded from these reviews that all the information until about three years ago has been exclusively on the associations of ants with honeydew-producing coccids, e.g. Coccidae, Lacciferidae, Pseudococcidae.

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