oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Thermal, energetic and nutritional considerations in the foraging and reproduction of the carpenter bee Xylocopa capitata



Carpenter bees, Xylocopa capitata Smith 1854, are studied with regard to their activities at certain temperatures, the nectar and pollen they forage and their gross production efficiency. A great deal of time and energy, is invested in constructing the elaborate nests of this K-selected species.


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