oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Differences in host relationships between male and female heteronomous parasitoids (Aphelinidae: Chalcidoidea): A review of host location, oviposition and pre-imaginal physiology and morphology
|Article Title||Differences in host relationships between male and female heteronomous parasitoids (Aphelinidae: Chalcidoidea): A review of host location, oviposition and pre-imaginal physiology and morphology|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Journal||Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa|
|Affiliations||1 Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown|
|Publication Date||Sep 1983|
|Pages||261 - 282|
|Keyword(s)||Heteronomous parasitoids (Aphelinidae: Chalcidoidea), Host location, Host relationships, Illustrations, Morphology, Oviposition, Parasitoid searching behaviour, Physiological adaptations of eggs and Pre-imaginal physiology|
The male larvae of heteronomous aphelinids have host relationships that are different from those of conspecific females. The adult females have behavioural adaptations that enable them to locate and identify the two 'types' of hosts and to deposit eggs of the appropriate sex. Physiological adaptations of eggs and larvae that are different in males and females are summarized. Parasitoid biology, particularly in the fields of parasitoid searching behaviour, sex ratios and resistance mechanisms to host immune responses are studied.
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