oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Biology of the heteronomous hyperparasitoid Coccophagus atratus Compere (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): adult behaviour and larval development
Coccophagus atratus is a heteronomous hyperparasitoid: larval females are primary parasitoids of scale insects and males are hyperparasitic. More specifically, this species is a facultative autoparasitoid because males may parasitize conspecifics. Female larvae had a longer and more varied developmental period than males.
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