oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - The effect of temperature on the developmental rate of the immature stages of large carpenter bees, Xylocopa spp. (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae)



The immature stages of Xylocopa caffra (L.), X. capitata Smith and X. rufitarsis Lepeletier, collected in the southern and south western Cape, were kept at fluctuating temperatures and a range of constant temperatures. Developmental times at these temperatures were measured.


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