oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - The effect of temperature on the developmental rate of the immature stages of large carpenter bees, Xylocopa spp. (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae)
|Article Title||The effect of temperature on the developmental rate of the immature stages of large carpenter bees, Xylocopa spp. (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae)|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Journal||Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa|
|Affiliations||1 *Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria. **Directorate of Biometric and Datametric Services, Pretoria|
|Publication Date||Mar 1989|
|Pages||119 - 128|
|Keyword(s)||Carpenter bees, Developmental rate, Effect of temperature, Facultative multivoltine condition, Obligatory univoltine, X. capitata, X. rufitarsis and Xylocopa caffra|
The immature stages of Xylocopa caffra (L.), X. capitata Smith and X. rufitarsis Lepeletier, collected in the southern and south western Cape, were kept at fluctuating temperatures and a range of constant temperatures. Developmental times at these temperatures were measured.
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