oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - Life histories and interrelationships of the Karoo caterpillar, Loxostege frustalis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and its parasitoids in relation to the recognition of mortality in field collected material

Volume 53, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0013-8789



The known parasitoids and hyperparasitoids of Loxostege frustalis Zeller are attuned to the life history of their host. They attack and develop on various immature stages of the primary and secondary hosts.

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