oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - IPM systems that conserve pesticides, pest-resistant plants and biological controls, including genetically altered forms



More diversified, stable systems of integrated pest management based on use of pesticides, pest-resistant host plants and biological controls (including genetically altered forms) are needed to counter the evolution of highly resistant arthropod pests which attack crops, humans and other animals. To date, resistance has been more common to pesticides than resistant host plants or biological control agents, but examples from each group are well documented. These resistances are due to similar ecological genetic processes, but there are some differences among each pest control class.


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