oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - On the function of the caudal appendage in primary larvae of parasitic Hymenoptera
A caudal appendage, or ""tail"", is present in the primary larvae belonging to several diverse groups among the entomophagous Hymenoptera. It is prominent in members of the sub-families Ophioninae, Cryptinae and Pimplinae and in the Braconid genera. Meteorus and Dinocampus. It is less well-developed in Proan and Aphidius. Several Chalcid genera possess it (Parker, 1924) and it is found in the primary larvae of the Figitidae and in some Proctotrypoidea.
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