n Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa - 'Quadrileaflet' mitral valve associated with paravalvular aneurysms and complicated by mitral incompetence : a case report of a rare pathology identified by 2-dimensional echocardiography : case report

Volume 13, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 1680-0745



A case is reported of a rare pathology involving the left atrioventricular valve with excessively developed scallops in association with subvalvular aneurysms, together with an acquired, probably HIV-related, chronic effusive pericarditis. The possible aetiology is discussed.

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