n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Comparison of left atrial function in healthy individuals versus patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography : cardiovascular topics

Volume 24, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 1995-1892
  • E-ISSN: 1680-0745



Left atrial (LA) function has been associated with adverse outcomes in patients after acute myocardial infarction. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate LA function in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D STE). Fifty-one patients with NSTEMI and 40 age-matched normal control individuals were enrolled in this study. Conventional echocardiographic parameters and global longitudinal strain rate (GLSR) were measured at left ventricular (LV) and LA segments. Compared with healthy subjects, patients with NSTEMI had significantly increased LA volumes but significantly decreased LA emptying fraction and GLSR. LA-GLSR had significant correlations with the 2D Doppler echocardiographic parameters of LA function. In particular, global LA peak negative strain rate during early ventricular diastole (LA-GLSRe) was significantly correlated with both LA 2D Doppler echocardiographic parameters and LV contractile function. This could be suggested as a better indicator to evaluate LA function as a preferred parameter of STE.

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