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n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - A retrospective analysis of factors influencing re-operation in patients undergoing mechanical valve replacement : cardiovascular topics
Background : We aimed to determine the possible factors leading to re-operation in patients undergoing mechanical valve replacement and to investigate the relationship between valvular thrombus formation and mean platelet volume.
Methods : The medical records of 43 patients with mechanical valve implantation, who were admitted to the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital between 2000 and 2005 were analysed retrospectively. Data recorded included demographic characteristics, valve type, size and location, implantation position, warfarin use, INR level, additional cardiac intervention, presence of left atrial thrombus, valvular thrombus, pannus formation, perivalvular leak, left atrial aneurysm, platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV), bleeding after the primary surgery and/or revision of surgery due to other reasons, valve protection, aortic root expansion, presence of valve calcification and infective endocarditis, pre- and postoperative rhythm pattern, brand name of prosthesis, distance of the patient's house from a cardiac surgery centre, and concomitant noncardiac systemic diseases.
Results : Mean age was 49.3 years (range 19-78 years). Of the patients, 51% (n = 22) were males and 49% (n = 21) were females. The re-operation mortality was 11.6%. Age, gender, valve type, brand of valve prosthesis, and implantation position were not risk factors for re-operation. The MPV was higher and statistically significant in patients with valvular thrombus during re-operation (p < 0.001). MPV was determined to be an independent risk factor with 85% sensitivity and 87% specificity.
Conclusion : MPV and INR levels should be closely monitored when designing individualised postoperative medical treatment for patients undergoing heart valve re-operation.
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