n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Chronic dissecting aneurysm of the ascending aorta developed in a patient who had rejected surgical treatment for type II acute ascending aortic dissection three years earlier : online article - case report
A 66-year-old male patient was admitted to our clinic because of shortness of breath and chest pain. A grade 4/6 diastolic murmur was heard on auscultation. Physical examination revealed signs of congestive heart failure and poor peripheral perfusion. There was a diagnosis of type II ascending aortic dissection in the history of the patient. He had refused emergency surgical intervention three years earlier. Computed tomography revealed that the ascending aorta was dilated to about 10 cm in diameter, and there was a chronic aortic type II dissection. The patient had second- to third-degree aortic insufficiency and he had a calcified bicuspid aortic valve on echocardiography. Two-vessel disease and a 90-mmHg aortic gradient were detected on angiography. Graft replacement of the ascending aorta, serape aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve, and coronary arterial bypass grafting were performed successfully under cardiopulmonary bypass with an open aortic technique. The patient was discharged on the 10th postoperative day with no problems.
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