n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Effects of topical hypothermia on postoperative inflammatory markers in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery : cardiovascular topic

Volume 25, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1995-1892
  • E-ISSN: 1680-0745



We aimed to examine the effects of topical hypothermia on inflammatory markers in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

Fifty patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were included the study. They were randomised to two groups. Mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (28-32°C) was performed on both groups using standardised anaesthesiology and surgical techniques. Furthermore, topical cooling with 4°C saline was performed on patients in group I. We recorded peri-operative and intra-operative results of blood samples, pre-operative and postoperative outcomes of electrocardiography and echocardiography, diaphragm levels on X-ray, and the necessity of positive inotropic medication and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP).
Time-dependent changes in blood samples were compared between the two groups. The changes on complement 3 (C3) and TNF-α levels were more significant in group I than group II ( < 0.05 and < 0.001, respectively). Spontaneous restoration rate of sinus rhythm was higher in group II than group I (80 vs 32%, < 0.01). Atrial fibrillation was seen in six patients in group I and one patient in group II ( < 0.05). IABP was performed on four patients (16%) in group I ( < 0.05). Diaphragmatic paralysis was seen in seven patients in group I but not in group II ( < 0.01). Partial pericardiotomy rates were compared within the groups but there was no statistically significant difference ( > 0.05). One patient in group I died on the 18th postoperative day, but operative mortality rate was not statistically significant between the two groups ( > 0.05).
Topical hypothermia had a negative impact on inflammatory markers and postoperative morbidities.

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