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n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T is more helpful in detecting peri-operative myocardial injury and apoptosis during coronary artery bypass graft surgery : cardiovascular topics

 

Abstract

To determine whether there is a correlation between cardiac markers and peri-operative myocardial injury (PMI) and apoptosis in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and to compare the efficacy of cardiac markers to detect PMI.


The study population consisted of 37 patients (24 male, 13 female, mean age 63.4 ± 8.9 years) undergoing elective CABG. Arterial and coronary sinus blood samples were collected just before aortic cross-clamping (pre-ACC) and after aortic declamping (post-ACC). Creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) activity, and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme mass (CK-MB mass) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations were measured in blood samples. Myocardial injury and apoptosis were examined in atrial biopsies.
CABG caused PMI and apoptosis in all cases. Concentrations and net releases of cardiac markers significantly increased after aortic declamping ( < 0.001 for CK-MB and CK-MB mass, < 0.01 for cTnI, < 0.05 for hs-cTnT). A positive correlation was found between apoptotic index ( = 0.611, < 0.001 for cTnI; = 0.806, < 0.001 for hs-cTnT), myocardial injury score ( = 0.544, < 0.001 for cTnI; = 0.719, < 0.001 for hs-cTnT) and cTnI and hs-cTnT values in the post-ACC period. A positive correlation was found between apoptotic index ( = 0.507, < 0.001), myocardial injury score ( = 0.416, = 0.010) and net release of hs-cTnT. Furthermore, a positive correlation was found between aortic cross-clamp (ACC) time ( = 0.448, = 0.007), cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time ( = 0.342, = 0.047) and net release of hs-cTnT.
Although both cTnI and hs-cTnT may be specific and efficacious markers of myocardial apoptosis and injury occurring during CABG with CPB, hs-cTnT may be a more useful marker than cTnI to detect peri-operative myocardial apoptosis and injury.

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/content/cardio1/26/6/EJC181571
2015-11-01
2016-12-08
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