n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Associations between body fat distribution, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia in black and white South African women : cardiovascular topics
|Article Title||Associations between body fat distribution, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia in black and white South African women : cardiovascular topics|
|© Publisher:||Clinics Cardive Publishing|
|Journal||Cardiovascular Journal of Africa|
|Affiliations||1 University of Cape Town, 2 University of Cape Town, 3 University of Cape Town and 4 South African Medical Research Council|
|Publication Date||May 2016|
|Pages||177 - 183|
|Keyword(s)||Body fat distribution, Cardiometabolic risk, Dual X-ray absorptiometry, Ethnicity, Subcutaneous adipose tissue and Visceral adipose tissue|
Aim: The aim was to examine differences in body fat distribution between premenopausal black and white South African (SA) women and explore the ethnic-specific associations with cardiometabolic risk.
Methods: Body composition, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and computerised tomography, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and lipid levels were assessed in 288 black and 197 white premenopausal SA women.
Results: Compared to the white women, black women had less central and more peripheral (lower-body) fat, and lower serum lipid and glucose concentrations, but similar homeostasis models for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values. The associations between body fat distribution and HOMA-IR, triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations were similar, while the associations with fasting glucose, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels differed between black and white women.
Conclusion: Ethnic differences in body fat distribution are associated, in part, with differences in cardiometabolic risk between black and white SA women.
Article metrics loading...