oa Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Infective endocarditis in children



Infective endocarditis (IE) has high mortality and morbidity rates despite available treatment. Because of the changing predisposing cardiac abnormalities and causative organisms, a retrospective study of 29 children with this disease was undertaken to review our experience in its diagnosis and treatment. Forty-eight per cent of the patients presented with the classic clinical picture of IE. Rheumatic heart disease (69%) was the most common underlying cardiac condition. Sixty-five per cent of the blood cultures were negative, possibly because 82,5% of patients received antibiotic treatment before being referred to our institution.


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