oa Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Infective endocarditis in children
|Article Title||Infective endocarditis in children|
|© Publisher:||Clinics Cardive Publishing|
|Journal||Cardiovascular Journal of Africa|
|Affiliations||1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town.|
|Publication Date||Nov 1994|
|Pages||219 - 222|
|Keyword(s)||Children and Endocarditis|
Infective endocarditis (IE) has high mortality and morbidity rates despite available treatment. Because of the changing predisposing cardiac abnormalities and causative organisms, a retrospective study of 29 children with this disease was undertaken to review our experience in its diagnosis and treatment. Forty-eight per cent of the patients presented with the classic clinical picture of IE. Rheumatic heart disease (69%) was the most common underlying cardiac condition. Sixty-five per cent of the blood cultures were negative, possibly because 82,5% of patients received antibiotic treatment before being referred to our institution.
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