oa Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Cardiac manifestations of HIV infection in black African children

Volume 6, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1995-1892
  • E-ISSN: 1680-0745



Twenty-three black African children with perinatally acquired symptomatic HIV infection were studied with cross-sectional echocardiography. The median age was 14,9 months with an age range of 2 - 70 months. Twenty (87 %) had abnormal echocardiographic findings, all of whom had poor left ventricular performance; 16 (70%) had left ventricular dilatation and 19 (83 %) pericardial effusion. Fourteen (61%) had right ventricular dilatation and hypertrophy. These findings suggest that cardiac disease, which may not be clinically apparent, is common in HIV-infected black African children. More studies are needed to improve our understanding of its aetiology and natural history.

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