oa Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Congenitally absent pulmonary veins - diagnostic pitfalls: two case reports
|Article Title||Congenitally absent pulmonary veins - diagnostic pitfalls: two case reports|
|© Publisher:||Clinics Cardive Publishing|
|Journal||Cardiovascular Journal of Africa|
|Affiliations||1 *Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Hospital, W. Cape **Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Universitaire, Belgium|
|Publication Date||Jun 1996|
|Pages||137 - 141|
|Keyword(s)||Anatomy, Cardiology, Case report, Diagnosis, Haemoptysis, Investigations, Paediatrics, Partial absence of the right and left pulmonary veins, Pulmonology, Radiology and Treatment|
Two patients with partial absence of the right and left pulmonary veins respectively are descriptionbed. Congenitally absent pulmonary veins are a rare phenomenon and the diagnosis is often missed or delayed. When children present with haemoptysis and/or recurrent respiratory infections with no obvious underlying cause, absence of the pulmonary veins must be part of the differential diagnosis. Special investigations to be done in these patients are chest roentgenograph to compare the lung volumes, radio-isotope scan, echocardiography and cardiac catheterisation. Magnetic resonance imaging may be helpful in defining the cause and site of obstruction of the pulmonary veins. Depending on the cause, surgery might be considered.
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