Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 1, Issue 1, 2000
Volume 1, Issue 1, 2000
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 1 –5 (2000)More Less
Moskal's Sexual Abuse Scale was used to examine the extent of sexual abuse myth acceptance in a sample of 137 student teachers attending a teachers' training college in the Durban area. Results of the study indicate relatively high levels of sexual abuse myth acceptance among respondents in all years of study, with acceptance levels being unrelated to year of study. Myth acceptance levels for male respondents were significantly higher than acceptance levels for female respondents. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for training and for research.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1 (2000)More Less
SAPSAC was founded by a relatively small group who felt the need for professional discourse among professionals working in the field of child abuse in South Africa. The Society needs to be built into a forum to address child abuse in its diverse forms, taking due account of the various cultures, thus enabling us to move forward in the new South Africa. In order to address the need in various fields for an integrated professional approach, our most urgent priority is to enlist the co-operation of the many academics and professionals with experience in the various disciplines, from all over the country. If you are a professional operating in the arena of child abuse, your becoming a member of SAPSAC will help to further our cause.
Toward effectiveness in services for sexually abused children in South Africa : some observations from a longitudinal studyAuthor Jackie LoffellSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 6 –11 (2000)More Less
The upsurge in public concern about child sexual abuse since the late 1980s has led to under-resourced social service organisations being flooded with referrals, heightening the dangers of ineffectiveness and secondary abuse. In 1990, the Johannesburg Child Welfare Society (JCWS) secured funding for a specialist unit, designed to incorporate features that appeared to be characteristic of successful treatment programmes. A study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of the new service with that offered in the traditional generic practice of the JCWS, by monitoring the progress of matched groups of children. Measures used were the Self-esteem Inventory (Coopersmith 1981); the Revised Behavior Problem Checklist (Quay and Peterson 1987); and the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Edelbrock 1983). Zulu, Sotho and Afrikaans versions were used in addition to English. The sample consisted of 40 girls aged six to twelve years, who had been abused by adult males known to them. The study was beset by procedural and practical problems, and multiple confounding variables were involved. Analysis of the test scores produced inconclusive results. However, a study of qualitative material suggested a greatly reduced risk of secondary abuse in the specialist treatment unit as compared to the generic service. The study also produced descriptive information concerning local patterns in child sexual abuse, and links with socioeconomic conditions were explored. Weaknesses in the linkages between the social service, police, justice and health care components of the child protection system were demonstrated, and recommendations for improvement were offered.
Author Herman ConradieSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 12 –16 (2000)More Less
Project Aspis is a student-driven community service project of the Department of Criminology at Unisa. It comprises three days' practical training after which students visit primary schools to empower the teachers to recognise children who are physically, sexually and emotionally abused. This article highlights the basic content of the presentation as well as the teachers' response. The writer had the privilege of presenting this child abuse prevention programme at the Fourth International Conference on the Child on 13 to 15 October, 1999, in Montreal, Canada with the financial aid of the National Research Foundation (Division for Social Sciences and Humanities).
Author Susan GrabeSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 17 –18 (2000)More Less
Although the results of a medical examination are highly regarded as evidence of sexual abuse, research indicates that too much value is placed on the results obtained from a medical examination. This brief article summarises the findings that have been reported in a number of such studies.
Author Anneke PienaarSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 19 –24 (2000)More Less
The need for a Child Protection Unit in the South African Police Service was identified in 1986. The objectives of the Unit are to provide expert investigation especially in cases where children are involved, which is in line with the fact that children's rights are presently enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa and that South Africa has ratified the United Nation's Convention on Children's Rights, Children differ substantially from adults as clients and therefore CPU members undergo a specialised training course to equip them for the task. They are drawn from police who have already received their basic training and have had some practical experience. The crimes they deal with encompass a large variety of crimes under common law as well as statutory offences and they act both proactively and reactively. A relatively new step forward was the establishment of the Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Investigation Branch (PCS) in 1995 in order to offer more of a one-stop service.
Author Roseline SeptemberSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 25 –32 (2000)More Less
The National Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN) was originally formed in 1994 to inform the government on the child protection section of a White Paper on Social Welfare and Development. However, it pursued its mission beyond this initial task and initiated the National Strategy on Child Abuse and Neglect (NSCAN). This article deals with the structures established, strategies employed and the work done at provincial and regional levels under the auspices of the NCCAN and the Institute for Child and Family Development of the University of the Western Cape.
Author Renee PotgieterSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 33 –39 (2000)More Less
Children who have been sexually abused display certain typical perceptions and behavioural patterns, of which a number are discussed in the context of the literature on the subject, especially those mentioned by Wieland (1997). The patterns are illustrated from a specific case handled by the author, with names and particulars changed for reasons of confidentiality. It indicates that these behavioural patterns were not taken into account during court procedures. In conclusion some detail is given as to how this child was handled in court.
Author Retha MeintjesSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 1, pp 40 –44 (2000)More Less
Under the heading of Landmark Judgment, the following was reported by Adv Johann Engelbrecht SC in the October, 1999, SAPSAC Newsletter:
"It cannot be said that the evidence of children, in sexual and other cases, where they are single witnesses, obliges the court to apply the cautionary rules before a conviction can take place." This was the court's finding in The Director of Public Prosecutions v S, a landmark judgment, delivered by His Lordship Mr Justice Kirk-Cohen (Lewis AL concurring) in the High Court of South Africa, Transvaal Provincial Division (Case Number A906/98). The court emphasised that the State bears the onus to prove the guilt of an accused beyond reasonable doubt. It follows, therefore, that in certain cases caution may not be necessary, whilst in other cases a court may be unable to rely solely upon the evidence of a single witness. The facts of each particular case will determine the approach required". In this article Adv Meintjes discusses the situation more fully.