Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 10, Issue 2, 2009
Volume 10, Issue 2, 2009
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 10, pp 1 –9 (2009)More Less
Sexual abuse is a brutal form of child abuse that has reached enormous proportions in South Africa. These traumatic events have a negative emotional impact on the child victims. This research is based on the premise that therapists should guide these victimised children in dealing with this trauma and its consequences by means of Gestalt play therapy. The research problem for the study was the lack of guidelines available for therapists to follow when dealing with sexually abused children in middle childhood. Without appropriate intervention the impact of the trauma on these children could be prolonged. The aim of the study was to provide therapists with guidelines designed from the approach of Gestalt play therapy for dealing with and empowering sexually abused children in middle childhood. In order to achieve this goal, qualitative research was employed, while individual case studies were carried out by applying the therapeutic process to three victimised children. The data obtained were analysed, compared with existing literature and used to compile the guidelines. The article is primarily based on research that was done as part of the fulfilment for the M.Diac Degree (Play therapy), but the experience of the researcher in her practice was also integrated. During the research process and in the interpretation of the data obtained, ethical issues concerning research were taken into account. Both the researcher and co-author of the article are qualified social workers and each have fifteen years of experience in working with traumatised children.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 10, pp 10 –24 (2009)More Less
The first of July 2007 can be regarded as an important milestone for the children of South Africa. It was on this date that a proclamation was signed by the President of South Africa on the commencement of certain sections of the new Children's Act, 2005 (Act No. 38 of 2005). For the first time in South African history, trafficking in children under 18 years of age is criminalized, and offenders contravening this new law can be investigated and prosecuted.
The South African Police Service will play a vital role in the investigation and combating of child trafficking. This article will therefore focus on the challenges that the police will face with regard to the implementation of this new law on child trafficking and the investigation and combating of the crime. Human trafficking in general has become a popular topic amongst researchers worldwide. However, almost no research has been done on the complexities and problems involved in the investigation of child trafficking cases. Content analysis provided specific findings that contributed to practical actions and implications. This study will make practical recommendations on how the police should deal with child trafficking investigations to ensure effective implementation of the law. An inquiry based on primary source interviews and a literature study will provide in-depth insight and knowledge on how the police consider implementing this new law.
Traumagenic dynamics as fundamental constructs in sexual trauma intervention : beyond Finkelhor and BrowneAuthor Mariette Van der MerweSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 10, pp 25 –40 (2009)More Less
In the past two decades Finkelhor and Browne's work (1985) on four traumagenic dynamics has been quoted extensively in literature about child sexual abuse. Already in the late 1980's this work on traumagenic dynamics was expanded by James (1989) who described nine traumagenic states as well as indicating how these constructs can be used as frameworks for intervention. This article aims at examining and expanding the work of Finkelhor and Browne as well as the work of James on traumagenic states and to briefly indicate how these constructs can be utilised as intervention frameworks for sexually traumatised children. This article is based on a literature study, discussions with social workers and psychologists at workshops presented by the author, clinical supervision with social workers in the field of sexual trauma and experience in clinical practice with victims of child sexual abuse.