Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 12, Issue 1, 2011
Volume 12, Issue 1, 2011
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 12, pp 1 –13 (2011)More Less
The recognition and collection of physical evidence plays a pivotal and extremely valuable role in the investigation of child rape cases. It has become ever more important for investigating officers to focus on the recovery of physical evidence during the crime scene investigation process, as only a few crimes rely as heavily upon physical evidence as does the crime of rape in order to secure a conviction in court.
As a result, this paper's aim is to address the nature, value and evidential relevance of physical evidence as well as the importance of thorough evidence collection during the investigation of child rape crime scenes. An inquiry based on primary source interviews, case studies and a literature study will provide in-depth insight into and information about the significance of evidence recognition in child rape cases.
Author A. LewisSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 12, pp 14 –25 (2011)More Less
This article centres on the psycho-educational management of childhood stress with special reference to children in the primary school (i.e. middle-childhood years [7-11 years]), which necessitates a clear understanding thereof. Stress in its negative form can be abuse-related and manifests negatively within children even well into their adulthood years. Literature on the phenomenon of childhood stress reveals several explanatory theories, yet, when children experience stress it calls for a different perspective and necessitates a different approach to its management, based on developing the whole child. Conclusions and guidelines for managing childhood stress can assist teachers and health professionals in its identification and intervention, especially regarding abuse-related stress.
Author D.N. SwartSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 12, pp 26 –37 (2011)More Less
This article has its origin in local, national, regional and international problems surrounding human trafficking. It gives a global overview of some of the problems surrounding the trafficking in women and children in South Africa and its neighbouring states. Source material was obtained through local libraries and resource centres, international and South African internet search agencies and Molo Songololo's (a child rights organisation based in Cape Town) inhouse's collection of materials. Information was also obtained through personal correspondence with researchers attached to academic institutions and private organisations.
The results of the investigation clearly point out that South Africa is a source, transit and destination country for trafficked women and children. Women and children are trafficked from our neighbouring countries into South Africa. The problems surrounding the combating of women and child trafficking are in their nature short term and long term orientated. Aspects such as the paucity of data, absence of a legal framework and legislation, law enforcers' knowledge about legislation, a lack of urgency to finalise legislation on human trafficking and police corruption are problems which could be solved immediately. Poor socio-economic conditions and especially poverty and unemployment remains problematic and will still continue to make women and children at risk for human trafficking. Children's vulnerability to human trafficking is further increased by the HIV / AIDS pandemic.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 12, pp 38 –50 (2011)More Less
AIDS-related stigmatisation can significantly undermine the wellbeing of the children of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in South Africa. This study examined the stigmatisation of a group of children affected by HIV and AIDS in the East Rand region, in Gauteng, South Africa, as viewed by HIV and AIDS community home-based caregivers. Semi-structured focus group discussions with 18 HIV and AIDS community home-based caregivers (two groups with nine members each) were conducted. The results revealed that stigmatisation remains a pervasive experience in the lives of the children of PLWHA.
Author Susan CoetzeeSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 12, pp 51 –64 (2011)More Less
The aim of this article is to redefine the forms of educator-on-learner sexual misconduct. The forms of educator-on-leaner sexual misconduct are put into context by briefly indicating the independent yet interrelated roles and functions of the police, the employer of educators and the South African Council for Educators (SACE) when dealing with such misconduct. Although the employer deals with misconduct, more unified action by the police, the employer and SACE should be promoted if we want to rid our schools of sexual predators. It is argued that unified and thus more effective action against educators who are guilty of sexual misconduct could be ensured by bringing forms of educator-on-learner sexual misconduct in line with sexual offences. By redefining and classifying the forms of educator-on-learner sexual misconduct within the framework of sexual offences and relevant law, this article contributes towards closing the gap between various interpretations of sexual offences, forms of sexual misconduct and contraventions of ethical and professional standards.