Emotional abuse or psychological abuse as it is often referred to constitutes a dilemma for any professional in the field of child health. Most would agree that its prevalence is probably much higher than is generally admitted to. The problem however lies in the inconspicuous nature of it. It is often overlooked and under-diagnosed. It seems that the field still lacks a coherent, clear index on the clinical signs and symptoms. The protocol on how to handle and treat such cases is also vague. The article provides a brief review of the literature and research on emotional abuse and makes recommendations for the future.
The purpose of a clinical or therapeutic interview is to provide treatment for the patient whereas that of a forensic or investigative interview is to establish the facts of the incident under investigation. The techniques employed in the cause of a clinical interview do not accord with the requirements of a legal interview and can affect the outcome of a trial. The purpose of the forensic interview is to obtain a truthful account from the child in a manner which will best serve the interests of the child while at the same time being legally acceptable. The phased approach of interviewing is endorsed here as an acceptable method of interviewing children.
The characteristics of sexual offenders are summarised by typology and are then juxtaposed with the characteristics of the disabled child. In this context, reasons for disabled children constituting a high risk group with regard to sexual abuse are indicated.
The Internet virtually exploded on the international scene as a revolutionary means of information dissemination and communication. It also opened an unprecedented avenue for the dissemination of undesirable elements, especially as far as children are concerned. Steps to counter this from the position of the government and from the position of parents are discussed.
This article covers a topic on which very little has been written in professional circles. It describes the types of occult abuse of children and the signs of ritual abuse which can surface as various types of symptoms in a variety of areas. The article goes on to discuss the obstacles to treatment posed by the secrecy that pervades the phenomenon and the resultant lack of professional insight into the true nature of the problems experienced by the child.