Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 5, Issue 2, 2004
Volume 5, Issue 2, 2004
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5 (2004)More Less
We have from time to time placed an Afrikaans article in CARSA to accommodate researchers who have done their research in Afrikaans. The present issue of CARSA contains three such articles. We would like to hear from members what their opinions are on placing Afrikaans articles. Will you kindly comment in this regard by completing this form and faxing it back to us at the number indicated?
The state of child protection services : some reflections on the 15th International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect : editorialAuthor Steven CollingsSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5, pp 1 –2 (2004)More Less
The 15th Congress of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) was held in Brisbane from the 19th to the 22nd of September, 2004. Hosted by the Australian National Association for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (NAPCAN), the congress was attended by approximately 4000 delegates from over 70 countries.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5, pp 3 –15 (2004)More Less
Kennis van kinders se geheuefunksionering is van uiterste belang in die forensiese konteks waar kinders se bevoegdheid as getuies dikwels bevraagteken word. In hierdie oorsig-artikel word die rol van geheue in die bevoegdheid van kinders as getuies in seksuele molesteringsake krities bespreek. Meer spesifiek word op die ouderdom en ontwikkelingsvlak gefokus en aspekte soos aandagskenking en konseptualisering, geheuestrategieë, herhaalde verbale herroeping, rekonstruksie van gebeure, soort geheue, skripsies en stereotipes en die invloed van tyd word hanteer.
Knowledge of children's memory functioning is imperative in the forensic context where children's competency as witnesses is often questioned. In this review article, the role of memory in the competency of children as witnesses in child sexual abuse cases is critically discussed. More specifically focus is placed on age and developmental level and factors such as attention and conceptualisation, memory strategies, repeated verbal recall, reconstruction of events, type of memory, scripts and stereotypes and the influence of time are discussed.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5, pp 16 –24 (2004)More Less
In hierdie oorsig-artikel word spesifiek gefokus op die sosiaal- en emosioneel-kontekstuele faktore wat met kinders se geheuevaardighede in interaksie tree en wat sodoende die kwaliteit en kwantiteit van kinders se getuienis, in spesifiek seksuele molesteringsake, beïnvloed. Vir die forensiese evalueerder, sowel as die beoordelaar van feite is dit belangrik om daarvan bewus te wees dat die konteks waarin gebeure plaasvind, heersende sosiale konvensies en die forensiese omgewing met die gepaardgaande onderhoudtegnieke, 'n belangrike fasiliterende of inhiberende faktor in kinders se bevoegdhede as getuies kan wees.
This review article focuses on social and emotional contextual factors that could impact on children's memory skills. The factors reviewed may not only influence the quality of children's accounts in child sexual abuse cases, but may also influence the quantity of information remembered or verbalised. Forensic evaluators and the triers of facts, need to appreciate that the perceived competency of the child witness may be influenced by contextual factors, by social conventions, and by interview practices in forensic contexts
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5, pp 25 –30 (2004)More Less
This article aims to explore the influence of neglect on language development. Neglect of children does not only pose a social problem for governments and institutions that need to create facilities to care for children but also has an impact on the intellectual functioning of children. Language capabilities, in particular, play an important role in intellectual development, attention and readiness to learn, socio-emotional development, behavioural issues, and academic achievement. Research studies over the years have attempted to demonstrate a relationship between child neglect and developmental delay, including delays in language development. In this study, the influence of neglect on language development was investigated using a sample of children who were admitted during the period October 2001 to October 2002 to a Place of Safety in Pretoria, South Africa. Only children who were exposed to neglect were included in the sample (n = 38), and IQ testing was performed, using the Revised (SSAIS-R) as research instrument. Most respondents (57.9%) performed below average on the Full Scale, while 60.5% performed below average on the Verbal Scale. Subtest Comprehension of the Verbal Scale seems to be the least affected, while subtests Number Problems and Story Memory were the worst affected. These results may be linked to verbal neglect at home, where the parents or caregivers did not adequately communicate with the children when they were small. We argue that the results from this study provide evidence that neglected children have a verbal disadvantage because of lack of interaction and communication between parents or caregivers. Neglected children's language capability is therefore inadequately developed, and this impacts on intellectual development, attention and readiness to learn, socio-emotional development, behavioural issues, and academic achievement.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5, pp 31 –40 (2004)More Less
This article reports on the findings of an empirical study that explored the use of music therapy as intervention possibility with primary school girls who have been sexually abused. The research was based on a case study research design, and deployed educational psychological assessments, intervention and re-assessments, observation, interviews, analysis of documentation, field notes and a reflective diary as data collection strategies. Despite extensive literature on the positive effect of music therapy on healing in general, virtually no literature can be found on the use and effect of music therapy during educational psychological intervention with sexually abused children. In this article, it is argued that music has great potential as intervention strategy, supported by the findings of the study. Both participants illustrated positive change after the process of intervention and were able to replace selected negative experiences with positive emotions. Further findings include an improvement of their ability to express themselves emotionally, self-confidence, assertiveness, self-concepts, social skills and interpersonal relationships, as well as a decline in negative behavioural patterns and symptoms. Subsequently, both girls could perform on a higher level on the various domains of functioning.
Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5, pp 41 –47 (2004)More Less
The goal of this exploratory, quantitative research study was to examine a sample of male child sexual offenders in order to describe the current profile of convicted offenders and to examine offenders relationships with and feelings regarding their victims. The empirical part of the study was conducted in a South African prison with a sample of 48 respondents. Data were collected using a survey questionnaire and face-to-face interviews. The most significant findings were that the majority of offenders were under the age of 20 years when they committed their crimes, with most offenders preferring girls between the ages of 13 and 18 years. A disturbing finding was that the majority of offenders expressed no remorse regarding their crimes.
Author Brandon PleanorSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 5 (2004)More Less