Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 6, Issue 1, 2005
Volume 6, Issue 1, 2005
Psychological resilience among sexually-molested girls in the late middle-childhood : a case study approachSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 6, pp 1 –12 (2005)More Less
Child sexual molestation is undoubtedly a traumatic experience. Children, within the context of a wide variety of factors, try to handle such pathological sexual interactions in different ways and using a variety of resources. Behavioural, emotional, and even psychiatric disorders may manifest in some children, while others might present without any symptoms. Children who are described as psychologically resilient are able to overcome a negative self-concept, identity confusion, depression, behavioural disorders, and personality and sexual disorders which are characteristic long-term effects of child sexual molestation. This study focuses on the extent of adjustment and psychological resilience of seven girls following the trauma of sexual molestation. There is an emphasis on the different protective factors that could play a role in adjustment, and could, therefore, make a contribution to the development of psychological resilience.
Author Steven J. CollingsSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 6, pp 13 –17 (2005)More Less
This article critically examines conceptual models of non-supportive reactions to child sexual abuse. Drawing on findings from the KwaZulu-Natal Child Rape Study, and from related South African studies, it is proposed that available conceptualizations would benefit from: (a) an extended and more clearly articulated definition of non-supportiveness, (b) a definition of non-supportive agents which extends beyond the 'traditional focus' on maternal figures as neglectful or as 'not-good-enough" parents, and (c) a more concerted effort to conceptualize reactions to CSA as a truly social phenomenon.
Die bevoegheid van kinders as getuies : die rol van kognitiewe faktore in die vatbaarheid vir suggestieAuthor Anet E. LouwSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 6, pp 18 –27 (2005)More Less
Kinders se beweerde vatbaarheid vir suggestie is vir dekades heen 'n kontroversiële onderwerp spesifiek ten opsigte van hulle bevoegdheid as getuie. In hierdie oorsig-artikel word 'n historiese oorsig, sowel as 'n uiteensetting van resente benaderings in dié verband verskaf. Meer spesifiek word die meganismes en faktore wat 'n rol in kinders se vatbaarheid vir suggestie speel, krities bespreek. Laasgenoemde hou verband met veral kognitiewe en sosiale faktore. In hierdie artikel word op die kognitiewe faktore soos geheue, kennisbasis, taalvaardigheid en bron-moniteringsvaardighede van kinders gefokus.
Children's alleged suggestibility has for decades been a controversial subject, specifically pertaining to their competency as witnesses. In this article an historical overview as well as current perspectives on this issue are included. More specifically, the mechanisms and factors that play a role in children's suggestibility are discussed. These mostly pertain to cognitive and social factors. In this article the focus will be on cognitive factors such as memory, knowledge base, language skills and source monitoring skills.
Attitudes of public school learners to under-age drinking and illegal substance abuse : a threat to social stability?Source: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 6, pp 28 –40 (2005)More Less
Substance abuse and dependence are considered critical problems facing South Africa. An apparent increase in substance abuse among adolescents is cause for concern in view of the negative consequences of substance abuse and dependence: e.g., involvement in crime and other antisocial activities, impairment of academic and occupational performance, as well as an increased risk of suicide, accidents, contagious diseases and psychological distress. The most important interpersonal variables mentioned in the literature pertaining to substance abuse include peer groups (and more specifically the need to be accepted during adolescence), parental and family-related factors (e.g., modelling, communication and conflict), and environmental factors. A structured survey questionnaire was prepared by the researchers to identify the extent of under-age drinking and substance abuse by young persons in public schools. A non-probability sample was compiled by means of the convenience sampling technique, consisting of Grade 7, 10 and 11 learners from 35 primary and secondary schools in the N-3 district in Tshwane (now District 4 B Tshwane South), who successfully completed a total of 2 003 questionnaires. The major objectives of the study were to identify key concerns regarding under-age drinking and the use of illegal drugs in schools, and to make information available to legitimate and interested stakeholders for the development of problem-solving strategies.