Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 9, Issue 1, 2008
Volume 9, Issue 1, 2008
Author Nicolien Du PreezSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 1 –10 (2008)More Less
Very little is known about black women who are imprisoned with their young children. The primary objective of this article is to fill this gap in information on how black mothers are treated in South African prisons. It does so by reporting on qualitative empirical research undertaken on black women incarcerated with their children in South African prisons. The findings of this research are supplemented by statistical information on women prisoners from official South African sources, while studies of black women in prisons in the USA provide a comparative perspective. These data suggest that black South African women incarcerated with their children suffer multiple disadvantages. The article concludes with recommendations regarding what could be done to improve the situation.
Temporal trends in the nature and scope of reported cases of child sexual abuse in KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaAuthor Steven J. CollingsSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 11 –14 (2008)More Less
This study examines temporal trends in a sample of 5 308 child sexual abuse survivors who reported their abuse to a state hospital in the North Durban area of KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) during the period January 2001 to December 2006. Contrary to findings reported by Childline (South Africa), the present findings indicate that : there has been a moderate (22%) increase in the incidence of child sexual abuse in the period 2001-2006, the average age of survivors presenting for medico-legal assessment is increasing, most sexual offenders are over the age of 18-years, child sexual abuse incidents are not becoming more violent, and there has been no significant increase in the proportion of sexually abused children who are gang raped. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for practice and for further research.
Sexuality out of control : an analysis of the educational policy on schooling teen mothers in the Western CapeSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 15 –26 (2008)More Less
Provincial education departments in South Africa have the mandate to implement educational policies for their institutions. In order to guarantee teen mothers a right to remain in public schools in the Western Cape, the Education Department formulated the Managing Learner Pregnancy Policy (MLPP). According to the policy, schools should ensure that education of teen mothers continues with as little disruption as possible. Recent research (Chigona and Chetty 2007) has shown that schools are doing very little to reduce the disruptions of adolescent motherhood. As a result many teen mothers fail to succeed with schooling. This paper aims at analysing the MLPP and determining why schools are using it ambivalently resulting in the policy not achieving its intentions. Interviews were used to gather information about the policy and a feminist genealogy approach (Pillow 2004) was embraced in the analysis of the MLPP. The analysis revealed that it is the lack of precision in the policy has resulted in the schools adopting and using it ambivalently. Hence there is limited facilitation of teen mothers' schooling processes in public schools.
Author Johan PrinslooSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 27 –36 (2008)More Less
School violence in the form of peer victimisation in public schools is a universal problem and a source of social concern because it is counterproductive and a violation not only of basic individual rights, but also of the scholastic institution's educational and social goals. This study examined the incidence and nature of peer victimisation in the Tshwane south area in South Africa to explore reasons for peer victimisation and the psychosocial consequences thereof, and to draw attention to the criminological significance of peer victimisation. A purposive sample of 1 873 learners participated in the study in the form of a self-report survey drawn from eight secondary, and two special schools, in the Tshwane south district in Gauteng, South Africa. Self-report incidents of peer victimisation included acts of verbal, physical, and relational aggression.
Home is where the harm is : distinguishing accidental from intentional infliction of paediatric injury in child physical abuse casesAuthor Susan S. KrestonSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 37 –59 (2008)More Less
This article examines two well-known types of child physical abuse : battered child syndrome (BCS), and shaken baby syndrome, also known as abusive head injury (AHI). It then looks at three frequently offered defences in these types of child abuse cases : accident ; differential diagnosis ; and mistaken identity. These potential defences are examined with specific reference to issues of short falls, failure to thrive, and burn injuries. Particular attention is paid to methods and indicia used to distinguish intentionally inflicted paediatric injuries and illness from those sustained under non-criminal circumstances.