Child Abuse Research in South Africa - Volume 9, Issue 2, 2008
Volume 9, Issue 2, 2008
Issues raised by Judge Bertelsmann in connection with child sexual abuse victims and witnesses : the role and submission of the South African Professional Society on the Abuse of ChildrenSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 1 –23 (2008)More Less
This article presents an overview of issues raised by Judge Bertelsmann in connection with child sexual abuse victims and witnesses, provides a description of the role and submission of the South African Professional Society on the Abuse of Children with respect to these issues, and summarises Judge Bertelsmann judgement on the matter. The ECOSOC guidelines on justice for child victims and witnesses of crime, which was referred to in said judgement, are also presented.
Author H.M. VogelSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 24 –36 (2008)More Less
In this article the author draws attention to recent research and to experience obtained during the past seven years in private practice as a psychologist. The question of the neglect of knowledge concerning nutrition and eating disorders in formal and informal education in South Africa is raised. Young people and their parents require nutritional guidelines and information about eating disorders when an uncontrollable eating pattern is identified by both adolescent and parent, a disordered eating pattern that is perilous to the young person. Often parents do not even realise the grave effect of nutritional neglect on their child. Today many young people endeavour to live in a fantasy world in which they are in 'control' and where they do not experience any problems and parents complain that their children want to exclude them from this world. In modern society values of independence among youth are promoted and thus the vulnerable child and adolescent tend to hide their secret of disordered eating. Children and adolescents show poor nutritional intelligence by making poor lifestyle and eating choices. Advertising in the media regarding (poor quality) meals, the so-called junk food, over-emphasis of a slender body, absence of parental guidance regarding nutrition, lack of health conscious role models and poor nutritional education in schools seem to be some of the reasons for this. However, this article does not seek to attribute blame; it focuses on the link between ignorance and neglect. While many adults in different areas of the health professions regard poor nutrition as one of the main reasons for learning and behaviour problems among youth, parents and teachers have a greater responsibility to equip the child by providing adequate nutritional information to develop sound opinions, beliefs and values to make responsible choices.
The HOOC board game as preventative measure against child sexual abuse within the South African contextAuthor Munita DunnSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 37 –48 (2008)More Less
The escalating incidence of child sexual abuse must be reduced as far as possible by a multi-faceted approach, including effective prevention programmes which facilitate disclosure and empower children. Insufficient South African research on prevention programmes and preventative measures are available. The researcher developed a board game as part of the Hands Off Our Children Campaign (HOOC) to foster the prevention of sexual abuse within a multi-ethnic context. The HOOC board game, being practical and educational, has the goal of teaching children self-protective behaviours that can lower their probability of being abused. A representative sample of 1697 grade four learners, nine to twelve years of age, were selected from the Metropole East region in the Western Cape. In order to determine the educational impact of the HOOC board game, the results of the children on the Children's Knowledge of Abuse Questionnaire-Revised (CKAQ-RIII) in the experimental and control groups were compared. Performance on the test was also compared with ethnicity. The study focuses on the applicability of the HOOC board game as a preventative measure against sexual abuse within a multi-ethnic society.
In the best interest of the child : the protection of child victims and witnesses in the South African Criminal Justice SystemAuthor Johan PrinslooSource: Child Abuse Research in South Africa 9, pp 49 –64 (2008)More Less
South Africa's ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1995 paved the way for far-reaching policy and legislative changes. Despite this undertaking, as well as the fact that certain children's rights are guaranteed vide section 28 included in Chapter 2 (Bill of Rights) of the Constitution (Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 108 of 1996), children's rights within criminal justice system are still neglected. Although the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 was amended to allow for a more child-friendly environment and procedures, they were still inadequate. In two recent cases, the High Court reviewed the constitutionality of the position of children involved as victims and / or witnesses in criminal trials of a serious nature. The court made some very important rulings that will guide the observation of this facet of children's rights by our courts in future. It is also noteworthy that the South African Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (SAPSAC) was actively involved as a friend of the court in the abovementioned cases.