oa South African Journal of Chemistry - Supported liquid membrane extraction of anabolic androgenic compounds in biological matrices and detection by LC-ESI-MS

Volume 58, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0379-4350



A sample work-up and enrichment technique involving the use of supported liquid membrane (SLM) and detection by high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer operating under positive ion electrospray mode (LC-PI-ESI-MS) has been developed for the determination of six anabolic androgenic compounds in different biomatrices; mainly urine, kidney, liver and milk. Anabolic androgenic compounds analysed included 17-trenbolone, 17-trenbolone, 19-nortestosterone, testosterone, 4-androstene-3, 17-dione and testosterone benzoate. Several factors affecting the extraction efficiency during SLM enrichment, such as donor pH were studied. The detection limits (DL) were 0.08 g L-1 for 4-androstene-3, 17-dione, 0.7 ng L-1 19-testosterone, 1.1 ng L-1 for testosterone, 0.1 ng L-1 for 17-trenbolone, 1.6 ng L-1 for 17-trenbolene and 0.03g L-1 for testosterone benzoate. Modification at C17 in the structures of 4-androstene-3, 17-dione and testosterone benzoate affected their recoveries with SLM and explained their observed high detection limits.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error