oa South African Journal of Chemistry - Modelling of the blood plasma species of biguanide derivatives exhibiting potential as diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals : research article
|Article Title||Modelling of the blood plasma species of biguanide derivatives exhibiting potential as diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals : research article|
|© Publisher:||South African Chemical Institute (SACI)|
|Journal||South African Journal of Chemistry|
|Author||Judith M. Wagener, Midred K. Dithebe, Daniel Mogano, Ignacy Cukrowski and Jan Rijn Zeevaart|
|Publication Date||Jan 2008|
|Pages||82 - 92|
|Keyword(s)||Biguanides, BIU, Blood plasma speciation, CBIG, DMBG, ITB, Kidney agents and Stability formation constants|
99mTc-DMSA (DMSA=dimercaptosuccinic acid), the gold standard for static renal imaging, has a long uptake time, which is a limiting factor in diagnostic procedures and also leads to a relatively high radiation dose to patients. The ligands dimethyl biguanide (DMBG), biuret (BIU), 2-imino-4-thiobiuret (ITB) and carboxy-biguanide (CBIG) have nitrogen donor atoms, which are able to complex transition elements. The formation constants needed in order to establish a blood plasma model for these ligands were determined by potentiometry and the results are reported herein. Based on blood plasma modelling, it was shown that the ligands had selectivity for 99mTc over blood plasma metal ions at physiological pH and it was therefore hypothesized that the Tc-ligand complex would survive in blood plasma. Furthermore, no or few side effects related to the mobilization of blood plasma metal ions by these ligands are expected, once the radiopharmaceutical has been administered. It is also expected that these ligands should clear rapidly from the blood plasma.
Article metrics loading...