oa South African Journal of Chemistry - GC-MS analysis and antimicrobial activities of the non-polar extracts of : research article

Volume 65, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0379-4350



The composition of the non-polar extracts of the leaves, stem bark and twigs of (Fabaceae) were analyzed using GC-MS. Eight, five and eleven components were identified from the leaves, twigs and stem bark extract, respectively. The major components were identified as: caryophyllene (43.6 %) and cadina-3,9-diene (29.7 %) in the leaf extract, amorphene (34.4 %) and valencene (17.9 %) in the stem bark extract and isoledene (29.0 %) and α-gurjunene (22.4 %) from the twig extract. Sesquiterpenes were the major abundant components in the non-polar extracts. The leaf, stem bark and twig extracts showed weak antibacterial and antifungal activities.

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