oa South African Journal of Chemistry - Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of Coomassie Brilliant Blue-R dye by hypochlorite and role of acid therein : research article
|Article Title||Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of Coomassie Brilliant Blue-R dye by hypochlorite and role of acid therein : research article|
|© Publisher:||South African Chemical Institute (SACI)|
|Journal||South African Journal of Chemistry|
|Affiliations||1 University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2 University of KwaZulu-Natal, 3 University of KwaZulu-Natal and 4 University of KwaZulu-Natal|
|Publication Date||Jan 2015|
|Pages||85 - 92|
|Keyword(s)||Brilliant Blue-R, Hypochlorite, Hypochlorous acid, Kinetics, Oxidative degradation and Simulations|
The kinetics of the oxidation of a triphenylmethane dye, Brilliant Blue-R (BB-Na+), in aqueous solution by hypochlorite as a function of pH was investigated. While the degradation of dye obeyed pseudo-first-order kinetics, the oxidation of the dye occurred through two competitive reactions facilitated by [OCl-] and [HOCl]. Both reactions exhibited first-order dependence on [OCl-] and [HOCl], respectively, but the hypochlorous acid initiated reaction was about ten times faster. The relative importance of the two paths rested on the pH-dependent concentrations of hypochlorite and hypochlorous acid. The overall second-order rate constants for the OCl- and HOCl initiated reactions are 1.2±0.2M-1 s-1 and 22.2±1.2M-1 s-1, respectively. The reaction energy parameters were determined as Ea=35.5 kJ mol-1, ∆H=33.1 kJ mol-1 and ∆S=-191.9 J K-1 mol-1 for the OCl- driven oxidation; and Ea=26.8 kJ mol-1, ∆H=29.3 kJ mol-1 and ∆S=-204.6 J K-1 mol-1 for the HOCl facilitated reaction. The governing rate law and probable reaction mechanism were elucidated and validated by simulation. The three main oxidation products were 4-(4-ethoxyphenylamino)benzoic acid, 3-[(ethyl-hydroxyamino)methyl]benzene sulfonic acid and 6'-chloro-5'-hydroxybicyclohexylidene-2,5,2'-triene-4,4'-dione.
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