oa South African Journal of Chemistry - Adsorption of rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution on Irvingia gabonensis biomass : kinetics and thermodynamics studies : research article
Raw Irvingia gabonenses (dika nut) (DN) and its acid-treated form(ADN) were used for the uptake of rhodamine B (RhB) dye from aqueous solution. The adsorbents were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The adsorbents were found to have characteristic functional groups such as -OH, C-N and C=O. SEM revealed that acid treatment resulted in the development of several pore sizes. Sorption data fitted the Freundlich adsorption isotherm better than the Langmuir isotherm. The maximum sorption capacities, qmax, obtained from the Langmuir adsorption isotherm were 212.77 and 232 mg g-1 for DN and ADN, respectively. The pseudo-second-order kinetics model was observed to fit the adsorption data. Solution pH and temperature significantly influenced the adsorption process and negative values of ∆G° suggest that the sorption process was spontaneous and feasible. Intraparticle diffusion mainly controlled the uptake of RhB onto DN and ADN; however, boundary layer diffusion also occurred in the RhB-ADN system. The desorption efficiency of RhB from the adsorbents was tested with a number of eluents. The eluents were found to follow the order: H2O>CH3COOH>HCl and CH3COOH>HCl>H2O for DN and ADN, respectively.
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