oa South African Journal of Chemistry - Subsequent separation and selective extraction of thorium (IV), iron (III), zirconium (IV) and cerium (III) from aqueous sulfate medium : research article

Volume 69, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0379-4350



Regarding to their presence as an important constituent in some ores such as monazite, this work aims for selective solvent extraction of thorium (IV), zirconium (IV), iron (III) and cerium (III) from aqueous sulfate medium using different basic and acidic extractants. To elucidate the extractability of these elements, different effective parameters were studied such as contact time, pH value, extractant concentration and the diluents type. In a single element system, Th (IV) was extracted by the primary amines (octylamine and tert.octylamine) and the acidic extractnts [di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and (bis(2,4,4-trimethyl pentyl) phosphinic acid (Cyanex 272))]. Moreover, secondary amine (N-methylaniline) is effective for Fe (III) extraction while, the primary amines are suitable for Zr (IV) extraction. Ce (III) can be extracted with the primary amines and D2EHPA. In a mixed elements system, Th (IV) was extracted firstly with Cyanex 272 (65 %) atpH1 followed by the extraction of Fe(III) with N-methylaniline (95 %), then Zr (IV) was precipitated atpH2.5 (84 %) whileCe(III) remains in the final aqueous phase.

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