oa South African Journal of Chemical Engineering - Distribution of respirable suspended particulate matter in ambient air and its impact on human health and remedial measures at Bholabedha Joda-Barbil region in Orissa



Indiscrete mining and transportation of Iron and Manganese ore by road clubbed with operation of huge numbers of sponge iron plants, iron ore crushers and stone crushers in the Joda-Barbil area of Orissa State, India has led to considerable deterioration of ambient air quality. Therefore in order to ascertain the ambient air quality, monitoring was conducted at 08 locations spread over a radial distance of 15 kms in all directions with Joda as the epi-centre for three seasons namely summer, post monsoon and winter during 2008-09. Results of Bholabedha-Joda-Barbil Region in Orissa presented in this paper. The Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM , >10 micron) and Respirable Particulate Matter (RSPM, ≤10 micron) concentration have been found to have exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality standards prescribed by Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Government of India at most of the locations. Health data collected from the District Health Department indicated that incidence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis amongst residents of the study area has increased between 1999 and 2008 during which the iron ore mining and road transportation was rampant. Therefore, an effective Air Pollution Management Plan was formulated with an intention to substantially reduce the impact of dust pollution on the surrounding areas.


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