The Mines and Minerals Act (1969), Zambia, makes mandatory domestic participation a pre-condition for the establishment of any mining enterprise by a foreign investor and the law fixes the conditions of the requisite domestic capital participation. This article examines the background to this policy decision, the terms of participation, the objectives of the policy and the state's prospects of realising these objectives in practice.
From the report of the Commission concerning Industrial Legislation of 1935 it appears that even in those relatively early days there was a body of opinion in favour of the establishment of an Industrial Court in South Africa.
On 16 June 1 977 by a vote of 19 to 13 (1 abstention) the Republic of South Africa, contrary to the requirements of article 6 A I of the Statutes of the IAEA, was omitted from the Board of Governors of the IAEA for the first time in twenty years and replaced by Egypt.
The General Business Terms Law (Western Germany) is not a drastic piece of legislation in that no prior permission of the courts or of an administrative body is required - which, but for all its inherent disadvantages, would have made for more certainty.
Labour law is a new field and it has come under close scrutiny as regards demarcation. It is still regarded as an intruder which combines elements of other disciplines at will. It is submitted that labour law is a field of law in its own right, capable of study as law and independent of other fields of law.