oa Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa - The ethical foundations and distinctive features of Islamic law

Volume 18, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0010-4051



This article includes a survey of Islamic law by restating its chief ethical principles. According to Islamic law, man is the highest creation of God. He has been endowed with remarkable potential and enjoys freedom of choice and action. The laws of God, revealed in the Quran and exemplified in the Sunnah of the Prophet, is supreme in all cases. It applies equally to the highest and the lowest, the prince and the pauper, the ruler and the ruled. The article explains God as Merciful and being the path of righteousness, whilst the life of the Prophet Muhammad provides a perfect example to follow in the affairs of life. Islam teaches the sanctity of human life and the law of reciprocal rights and duties. It confers dignity, justice and equity upon all without distinction of race or sex or class or nationality.

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