oa Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa - Legal strategies to optimise conservation of natural ecosystems by private landowners - Economic incentives

Volume 19, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0010-4051



It is a gain for the state conservation authorities to allow and encourage private landowners to conserve areas of 'natural heritage' where fiscal funds would be insufficient for both the acquisition and running of additional conservation areas. However even financial incentives, which require greater expenditure than, for example, other recognition based strategies, e.g. natural heritage plaques and certificates, would invariably represent merely a partial aid for the landowner. The landowner's additional personal services and responsibility for managing private conservation areas would come free of charge to the state. To a significant degree the issue of permanence of the latter can be confronted by applying principles at least comparable to current state guarantees of permanence. Private ownership and management of ecosystems represent invaluable stop-gap measures for subsequent mutually agreed upon takeover of responsibility by the state at some later date if or when the need arises.

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