oa Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa - The jurisdiction of the ILO to hear complaints regarding trade union freedom

Volume 21, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0010-4051



The principle of tripartism applies to both the International Labour Conference and the Governing Body of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). The term in the context of the ILO, refers to the constitutional requirement that government representatives participate on an equal footing with workers' and employers' representatives. Tripartism manifests itself at meetings of the two bodies. Each of the workers' group, employers' group and government delegates tend to speak with one voice. Tripartism has also been extended to committees. The conference is the legislative body. Its functions include the adoption of conventions and recommendations. The functions of the Governing Body, which is the executive organ, include the consideration of representations and complaints against member states for failure to implement conventions which they have ratified, the recommendation of action to be taken against a member which does not take the necessary action regarding the implementation of conventions, the response to recommendations of a commission of inquiry or a decision of the International Court of Justice concerning a complaint, and the drafting of the rules concerning the powers, functions and procedure of regional conferences.

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