The economic stranglehold in which the United States of America has placed South Africa is the most severe and far-reaching punitive measure imposed on South Africa by any major world power in recent times. It has profound effects on both societies, and raises a host of interrelated moral, political and legal questions. The aim with this article is to investigate the extent to which the exertion of economic pressure against South Africa by the United States government, on both federal and non-federal level, is compatible with the demands of the United States Constitution. In this context some observations on the influence of policy on law are made.
The purpose of this article is to present a brief functional survey of the contemporary Third World joint venture contractual practice with specific reference to accounting and auditing procedure.Deficiencies in the contemporary contractual practice are identifiedand various proposals are made to overcome them and to render accounting and auditing classes in joint venture contracts more effective.
Although polygamy is not new, its continued practice especially in black society under modern circumstances calls for justification. Moreover, countries like Tanzania and, to come nearer home, Transkei, have after independence recognised polygamous marriages as legal marriages. South Africa has to take a definite stand on this. Besides this, the rate of divorce in South Africa requires a reassessment of our marriage norms. The arguments against polygamy may be classified into three broad categories, namely the theological, those based on critical morality, and those which derive from human-rights considerations. The aim of this article is to subject these contentions to critical scrutiny with the object of concluding that they are based on value judgment rather than on logical deduction. Whatever the demerits of polygamy, the pertinent question is whether it is advisable to abolish the institution by means of legislation.
South African law affords no special protection whatsoever to the father of an illegitimate child. The situation ought to be changed to give legal recognition to the existence of the father of an illegitimate child for purposes of adoption applications too and to protect his interests and rights adequately. The only way in which the father's interests and rights can be protected adequately is by notifying him of the pending adoption application regarding his child, and by requiring his consent to the adoption of his illegitimate child. A balance must, however, be struck between the need to give recognition to the father by notifying him of the pending adoption application and requiring his consent to the adoption, and the need to facilitate expeditious placement and adoption of the child.
In this contribution the current legal developments in Bothuthatswana, Ciskei, South Africa, South West Africa/Namibia, Transkei, Venda and Zimbabwe with regards to principal legislation, government notices and judicial decisions are briefly descriptionbed.