oa Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa - The law and pattern of the repatriation of Namibian and South African refugees: possible lessons for a programme of repatriation of Mozambican refugees
Agreements between the country of nationality and the host country must be concluded in terms of which amnesty granted to refugees is fully guaranteed. Their personal safety from harassment and intimidation must also be assured. In all such programmes, there must be clear acceptance of the role of the UNHCR which is to offer international assistance and protection to refugees in their country of origin. In the Namibian voluntary repatriation programme, the involvement of the UNHCR as an integral part of Un tag was envisaged right from the outset. On the other hand, the question of repatriation of South African exiles was initially the subject of bilateral negotiations between the South African government and the ANC. Agreement was reached between them and certain guidelines for the repatriation of refugees were adopted and implemented in respect of a number of repatriating South African refugees. In terms of the possible problems in the field of human needs which the potential repatriatriating Mozambicans are likely to face, a future repatriation programme can draw many lessons from both the Namibian and South African programmes.
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