oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Freeways and the urban traffic problem
Road networks and other transportation systems commonly looked upon as separate entities should be considered as inter-dependent sub-systems to be managed as an interrelated whole. Just as a Metropolitan entity requires co-ordinated planning and control, so does its transportation system. The emphasis must be on positive measures aimed at optimum use of the whole road system and various transport modes, rather than restrictive legislation against the indiscriminate and unrestrained use of cars. A farsighted and enlightened investment policy for urban transportation is required together with an equitable method of vehicle taxation combined with pricing of roads and parking. If necessary, metropolitan transportation boards should be established for this purpose. Also required are comprehensive urban and regional transportation planning techniques to allow for future interaction between land use and transportation needs on a highly flexible basis. Improved design criteria and new types of transport modes are suggested as possible means of easing peak hour congestion. Freeways should be designed to enhance rather than destroy the urban scene. Vehicle-free pedestrian precincts appropriately located in relation to freeways and strategically located garages, offer hopeful prospects for improving the quality of central city living. No less important than freeways is the establishment of an efficient system of public transport, but public transport alone will not provide the whole answer. The only sensible and practical approach is the synoptic one in which all forms of transport are taken into account together with all aspects of metropolitan planning.
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