oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Urbanization and the environment - engineering implications
|Article Title||Urbanization and the environment - engineering implications|
|© Publisher:||South African Institution Of Civil Engineering (SAICE)|
|Journal||Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese|
|Affiliations||1 Health Services, City Engineer's Department, Johannesburg|
|Publication Date||Feb 1974|
|Pages||44 - 47|
|Keyword(s)||Biological breakdown, Environmental control systems, Environmental equilibrium, Eutrophication of impoundments, Geo-physical resources, High density housing, Photosynthesis, Population explosion, Recirculation cycle, Sewage purification, Soil organisms and Urbanization|
Two of the gravest challenges faced by the Republic are (i) the need to build cities and industries for approximately 20 million people by the end of the century and (ii) the solution of the environmental problems which this effort will involve. Pollution, seen as disturbing equilibrium, is a serious threat both within the city and on its surroundings. The engineer will be heavily involved in solutions to these problems, but to increase his effectiveness a re-examination of the engineer's role in urban planning and environmental control is necessary.
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