oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Building on the theories of our forebears : general interest

Volume 17, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



We live in a world of superfast desktop computers and words like dxf and pdf (if these are indeed words) are part of our everyday conversation. Designs are all carried out using sophisticated computer modelling programs and even in our so-called "paperless society", hundreds and thousands of drawings are produced using advanced CAD programs and high definition plotters. Engineers and technicians who graduated in the last 10 to 12 years will have no knowledge at all of what it was like in the pre-computer era. This is going to be the first of a series of articles describing how designs were carried out not that long ago without the benefit of computers or even electronic calculators.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error